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|Family||Fabaceae Lindl. (or Leguminosae Jussieu)||Legume, Pea, or Bean Family|
|Subfamily||Faboideae (or Papilionoideae Jussieu)|
|Genus||Mucuna Adanson, 1763|
Citation: Mucuna Adanson, 1763. Fam. Pl. 2: 325, 579. 1763
Type species: Mucuna urens (Linnaeus, 17__) de Candolle, 1825 typ. cons.
Number of valid/accepted Species: 100 to 150 species, plus or minus.
There are many nominal species of Mucuna (i.e., names of species) that are invalid species or are considered synonyms of accepted species.
Habit: Herbs, vines, rarely shrubs, climbing, woody, tall, rarely short and erect.
Distribution: Tropics of both North and South Hemispheres.
Leaves: pinnate 3-foliate, usually large; leaflets asymmetric, often oblique-ovate, indumentum (covering) usually hairy, aciculate (having a surface of fine lines as if scractced); bracts sometimes caducous (they fall off), stiples usually present; stipules small, usually caducous.
Flowers: large, showy, purple, orange, scarlet, red, or yellowish fascicled-racemose on axillary peduncles or subcymose at the apex of the peduncle; bracts and bracteoles small, caducous,; calyx often hairy, bilabiate; lobes 5 ovate, upper lip bilobed, lower lip trilled, longer; standard sessile, ovate-elliptic, folded inward eared at the base, ears often upturned. subequal to the wings; wings oblong-ovate, incurved, sessile, eared, often adherent to the keel; keel sessile, linear-oblong, incurved or beaked, often longer than and joined to the wings; stamens 10, diadelphous; anthers unequal, alternately longer and basifixed, shorter and dorsifixed, bearded; ovary sessile, few-ovules, villous, surrounded by a poorly developed, usually basal, cupular to lobular disk; style linear, filiform; stigma small, capitate (head-like, like head of a pin), terminal.
Pod (i.e., Fruit): thick, ovate to oblong, often covered with brown, stinging hairs, 2-valved, septate within.
Seeds: 1-10, large, rounded, discoid with hilum more or less one half the circumference or smaller ovoid, with a short, raised hilum.
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